Snakes of Tennessee

List of Scientific names

Order:  SQUAMATA - SNAKES AND LIZARDS

      Suborder:  SERPENTES - SNAKES

Family:  COLUBRIDAE - Colubrid Snakes (sensu lato; new classification below)

          1. Carphophis amoenus - Eastern Wormsnake

          Carphophis amoenus amoenus - Eastern Wormsnake

          Carphophis amoenus helenae - Midwestern Wormsnake

2. Cemophora coccinea - Scarletsnake

          Cemophora coccinea copei - Northern Scarletsnake

3. Coluber constrictorn - North American Racer

          Coluber constrictor constrictor - Northern Black Racer

          Coluber constrictor latrunculus – Black-masked Racer

          Coluber constrictor priapus - Southern Black Racer

4. Coluber flagellum - Coachwhip

          Coluber flagellum flagellum - Eastern Coachwhip

5. Diadophis punctatus - Ring-necked Snake

          Diadophis punctatus edwardsii - Northern Ring-necked Snake

          Diadophis punctatus stictogenys - Mississippi Ring-necked Snake

           6.  Farancia abacura - Red-bellied Mudsnake

                      Farancia abacura reinwardtii - Western Mudsnake

7. Heterodon platirhinos - Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

8. Lampropeltis calligaster - Yellow-bellied Kingsnake

          Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster - Prairie Kingsnake

          Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata - Mole Kingsnake

9. Lampropeltis getula - Common Kingsnake

          Lampropeltis getula getula - Eastern Kingsnake

          Lampropeltis getula holbrooki - Speckled Kingsnake

          Lampropeltis getula nigra – Eastern Black Kingsnake

10. Lampropeltis triangulum - Milksnake

          Lampropeltis triangulum elapsoides - Scarlet Kingsnake

          Lampropeltis triangulum syspila - Red Milksnake

          Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum - Eastern Milksnake

11. Opheodrys aestivus aestivus – Northern Rough Greensnake (Rough Greensnake)

           12.  Nerodia cyclopion - Mississippi Green Watersnake

13. Nerodia erythrogaster - Plain-bellied Watersnake

          Nerodia erythrogaster flavigaster – Yellow-bellied Watersnake

          Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta – Copper-bellied Watersnake

                                    14. Nerodia fasciata confluens - Broad-banded Watersnake (Southern Watersnake)

                             15. Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer – Northern Diamond-backed Watersnake (Diamond-backed Watersnake)

                                    16. Nerodia sipedon - Northern Watersnake

                                              Nerodia sipedon pleuralis - Midland Watersnake

          Nerodia sipedon sipedon - Common Watersnake

17. Pantherophis guttatus – Red Cornsnake

18. Pantherophis spiloides - Gray Ratsnake

19. Pituophis melanoleucus melanoleucus - Northern Pinesnake (Pinesnake)

20. Tantilla coronata - Southeastern Crowned Snake

21. Regina septemvittata - Queensnake

22. Storeria dekayi wrightorum - Midland Brownsnake (DeKay’s Brownsnake)

23. Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata -Northern Red-bellied Snake (Red-bellied Snake)

24. Thamnophis proximus proximus – Orange-striped Ribbonsnake (Western Ribbonsnake)

25. Thamnophis sauritus sauritus - Common Ribbonsnake (Eastern Ribbonsnake)

26. Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis - Eastern Gartersnake (Common Gartersnake)

27. Virginia striatula - Rough Earthsnake

28.Virginia valeriae - Smooth Earthsnake

          Virginia valeriae elegans - Western Smooth Earthsnake

          Virginia valeriae valeriae - Eastern Smooth Earthsnake

Family:  VIPERIDAE - Pit Vipers

29. Agkistrodon contortrix - Agkistrodon contortrix

          Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix - Southern Copperhead

          Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen - Northern Copperhead

30. Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma - Western Cottonmouth (Cottonmouth)

31. Crotalus horridus - Timber Rattlesnake

32. Sistrurus miliarius streckeri - Western Pygmy Rattlesnake (Pygmy Rattlesnake)

 

*Note- There are only 32 species of snakes in Tennessee, but many may have subspecies. For example, Virginia valeriae elegans and Virginia valeriae valeriae.  Virginia = Genus, valeriae = species in both and subspecies in second, elegans = subspecies in first.

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14 April 2008